How Astronauts Land on the Moon - Smarter Every Day 250

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GET SMARTER SECTION
A very special thank you to Wayne Ottinger
www.aletro.org/
Check out the AMAZING website by Ben Feist that synchronizes all Apollo data:
www.apolloinrealtime.org/
I had to find a lot of archival footage to make this video. Thanks to Devin for helping me find the original Apollo LLTV footage from Ellington.
A special thank you to steveslater1987 for providing the footage and audio of the Neil Armstrong Interview after flying the LLTV.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
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Warm Regards,
Destin

жүктөп алуу

Жорумдар

  • We're going back to the moon, and we're going to need to train Astronauts how to land. This video is the result of trying to understand that control problem better. in the next video of this series, I'll show you footage from an actual NASA Lunar Lander software test I participated in many years ago. Also, I'd like to say express grateful I am to everyone who supports Smarter Every Day on Patreon at www.patreon.com/smartereveryday . If you've never considered being a Patreon of Smarter Every Day, then feel free to click the link if you'd like to see what it's all about. If not, then no big deal! I'm grateful that you're here. Warm Regards, Destin

    SmarterEveryDaySmarterEveryDayАй мурун
    • Pshhhhh old news. I could land on the moon.

      Gavin AndStuffGavin AndStuff3 күн мурун
    • Yyhqara6 you

      adam philpadam philp4 күн мурун
    • @MaGaO true, but the software to land reliably is fairly new and getting better all the time. Most of the failed Mars landings happened without the benefit of the sensors and algorithms available now. It's still best to train the pilots of course.

      AlmaadinAlmaadin6 күн мурун
    • @Almaadin Many Mars probes have crashed. If humans are aboard, it makes sense to train them just in case.

      MaGaOMaGaO7 күн мурун
    • @Almaadin that was done on earth..so gullible lol. Mars supposedly is 1% density of earth atmosphere. which means no air. an you need air to slow parachute and need air for lift when they eventually fly helicopter drone. so the impossible without air debunks your Mars landing 😂😂😂😂😂😂😂🤣🤣🤣🤣😭😭😭😭😂🤣🤣🤣🤣😂😭😭

      hernan jimenezhernan jimenez7 күн мурун
  • 1:45

    DizziDizzi5 саат мурун
  • Incredible stuff. A truly great group of minds. You will never be thanked enough, Mr. Armstrong. Rest peacefully among the stars.

    Michael BMichael B7 саат мурун
  • You should continue your playlist on lawn tools do an episode on rotary hedge trimmers

    Josh LounsberryJosh Lounsberry11 саат мурун
  • Every day...

    gamblergambler11 саат мурун
  • Please get Michael Collins and Buzz Aldrin together.

    Ankur DebbarmaAnkur Debbarma13 саат мурун
  • Destin got hold of a LEGEND.

    Ankur DebbarmaAnkur Debbarma13 саат мурун
  • I tried to watch this with a straight face, but I simply cannot!

    Matthew SikoraMatthew Sikora17 саат мурун
  • wtheck KGcode. why you hide Dustin update from my subs page? Luckily I search smarterEveryDay out of curiosity.

    flameceoflameceo18 саат мурун
  • Goes to show you how much we take all of the technical tools for granted. I imagine engineers will pre-program all of the error correction techniques in a computer for the re-return, but the Apollo crew never had that. They had to do everything with mechanics and training. I think it will be much less of a technical challenge on each individual person, but still a staggering engineering feat overall.

    Some CanineSome Canine23 саат мурун
  • Thank you, what a very interesting and informative video

    Gratten JenkinsGratten JenkinsКүн мурун
  • how much would be saved in fuel weight if the rocket first stage was accelerated on a maglev ramp before first stage engine ignition? seems like maglev trains are similar sizable payload can be accelerated to high speeds using electricity and starting a rocket to escape velocity from maglev speeds would have a huge impact compared to starting from a standstill

    sterlingwulf RBLXsterlingwulf RBLXКүн мурун
  • Can you do a video on the “ Tennis Racquet Theorem” aka “Dzhanibekov Effect”

    Drunk AstronautDrunk AstronautКүн мурун
  • Someone get Mr Ottinger's half burnt snake cartoon made.

    LoungeActVideosLoungeActVideosКүн мурун
  • I absolutely love this video!! My Grandfather was a Quality Control Engineer with NASA and worked on every APOLLO mission!! My Grandfather oversaw the manufacture and installation of the battery systems of the lunar lander! A secret my Grandfather told me before he passed afew years back was. Before they affixed the housing of the batteries, my Grandfather and his crew had a bronze plaque made with their names inscibed on it. They attached it to the top of the housing that covered the batteries!!!! This could have caused a mass firing event if they were caught!!! So now my Grandfather's name is on the moon! This I am very proud of! Just thought you might like to hear the story.

    Brian HuntingtonBrian Huntington2 күн мурун
  • to land on the moon you have to buy AMC and GME

    Shawn HunterShawn Hunter2 күн мурун
  • RIP Neil Armstrong. Yes it's been 9 years, but he was all of us.

    nxlxnnxlxn2 күн мурун
  • 1:45

    R ЯR Я2 күн мурун
  • "this video WERE SENDING LINCON TO THE MOON"

    Saran O.pSaran O.p2 күн мурун
  • So they essentially made a CNC machine that controls the craft?

    Sudeep RSudeep R2 күн мурун
  • NASA : Does all of this Some incel on the internet : "MoOn LaNdInG wAs FaKe!"

    Darth InsidiousDarth Insidious2 күн мурун
  • I’m looking forward to seeing more videos on returning to the moon. Especially to see what the engineers come up with for a test vehicle to fly here on earth.

    Michael CondonMichael Condon2 күн мурун
  • Nasa openly admits that humans cannot safely travel through the Van Allen Belts.... Yet this problem was solved in 1969-1972. What gives?

    John Doe p144.1John Doe p144.13 күн мурун
    • @John Doe p144.1 The most important bits, like video and audio, sure. Telemetry, not so much, unless of course you're dealing with a severe malfunction, like in Apollo 13. In that case, keeping the telemetry tapes makes sense, and they did.

      AtlasAtlas2 күн мурун
    • @Atlas I hear what your saying but at the same time the moon landing was THE most significant scientific achievement in human history... Wouldn't you think that is something that would be held onto and cherished for generations?

      John Doe p144.1John Doe p144.12 күн мурун
    • @John Doe p144.1 It's a shame they lost the original tapes. But I supposed it made sense for them to be erased, since the video signal had been archived elsewhere and keeping telemetry around isn't standard.

      AtlasAtlas2 күн мурун
    • @Atlas OK, fair enough. What about the fact that Nasa "lost" over 13,000 reels of telemetry data. Also contributing to the official explanation as to why we haven't been back to the moon.

      John Doe p144.1John Doe p144.12 күн мурун
    • @John Doe p144.1 Not really. The rocket used in the Apollo program is no longer manufactured. The last Saturn V was made nearly half a century ago. Can't send people beyond LEO without a a massive rocket.

      AtlasAtlas2 күн мурун
  • The Plan is good! Hopefully it will happen soon! I would like to see human beings will be traveling to the Moon for their vacations and back to the earth! And then Human being will develop the advantage technologies to travel to other planets to live, working, vacation, ...... and back to the Mother Earth!

    chau dochau do3 күн мурун
  • I don't know about you.... but these prototype propulsion techniques, if they were ever snatched by the military and repurposed for military vehicles,.... and IF one, or some, if any, of those prototypes were seen by the public.... there's a really good chance they'd look like flying saucers, to the layman. think about it... 1964 era, middle of the space race, lots of UFO sightings, and now we know that NASA had a *FREAKING VTOL PROTOTYPE* ?!?!?!??!

    NighthawkNighthawk3 күн мурун
  • The immense drawbridge laparoscopically kill because submarine coincidentally jail above a tame parent. big, moldy slice

    Chris GonzalezChris Gonzalez3 күн мурун
  • Am I missing something here? Why wouldn't they try to evenly fill the system with helium compartments or vacuum? Would that be beyond the limit of how much that volume could lift compared to the weight of the lunar lander?

    Zoltán KozmaZoltán Kozma3 күн мурун
  • Wayne is a national treasure. I love AMERICA!!!!!!!

    Travis JamesTravis James3 күн мурун
  • Among us??!!!

    DarpDarp3 күн мурун
  • My pal Jonathan Dimock works for NASA. He’s the man who speaks to the president re NASA biz. My pal Johnathan had zeroooo experience to have got this job....

    FILM N SHOOT COFILM N SHOOT CO3 күн мурун
  • The X-14 is basically a copy of the British Hawker Siddeley P.1127. Which later became the Harrier Jump jet.

    The Revolution Will Not Be TelevisedThe Revolution Will Not Be Televised3 күн мурун
  • 1:44 sus

    Dwagin ConDwagin Con3 күн мурун
  • The lumpy gender phenomenologically request because plastic univariately grin through a acoustic grain. wiry, clammy magazine

    Vincent PangVincent Pang3 күн мурун
  • How did they know the lunar gravitational force before going to the moon?

    Who FartedWho Farted3 күн мурун
  • Эти "проэкты"-возможность воровать общие деньги,играть во взрослые игрушки и не быть наказанным,а быть "уважаемыми космическими ворами" Я предпологаю.что верхушка США и СССР были в сговоре и много лет смеялись над доверчивыми гражданами...

    Ася ГумероваАся Гумерова4 күн мурун
  • We all see drones, and the amazing technology they use to fly straight, steady, and in some cases, autonomously. I'm sure there is a tie-in here.

    Chas WolfChas Wolf4 күн мурун
  • Didnt the Harrier fly in 1967?

    Brandon RoutierBrandon Routier4 күн мурун
  • What actually happens on the moon landing(s) low-key confirmed by his guest Ben Feist is that the Apollo Guidance Computer (AGC) does all of the flying until final approach where Armstrong and other astronauts use the rate-of-decent mode (P66), a mode not unlike drones for the home market where the stabilization is handled by the AGC and Neil uses the fly by wire stick to control horizontal velocity, avoid a boulder field and then bring bring the horizontal velocity to zero; another two switches can speed up or slow down the computers rate of descent in increments of one foot per second. I know the LLTV also had a computer. How similar was it's stabilization and controls to the actual LEM and the AGC's P66?

    djmipsdjmips4 күн мурун
  • Man, the engineer of the LLTV, what a treasure!

    el blanco _el blanco _4 күн мурун
  • 1:45 1:58

    Dylan Wager MusicDylan Wager Music4 күн мурун
  • i dont want to be apart of this planet anymore

    Adam ArmstrongAdam Armstrong4 күн мурун
  • 4:06 the the angle dynamically shook with his hands, now that's detail.

    TheEmeraldSwordTheEmeraldSword4 күн мурун
  • This was an amazing video. Thank you. Understanding the why truly is as pertinent as the how. If you understand the why, then engineers can use updated techniques if possible instead of just repeating work arounds.

    Kerrie ArkwellKerrie Arkwell4 күн мурун
  • The communists now in charge want nothing to do with moon landings anyway, so...

    Dan BertucciDan Bertucci4 күн мурун
  • I don't even drink and I want the lunar shot glass

    SlayerofFictionSlayerofFiction4 күн мурун
  • I really do not see the point. The next one will be landed by ai.

    Gert KrugerGert Kruger4 күн мурун
  • amogus

    KatzRoolKatzRool4 күн мурун
  • 4:30 "and if there were no drag.." If there were no drag then there would be no thrust/movement. Just like if there were no weight/gravity there would be no lift.

    DrCash7DrCash74 күн мурун
  • Fek

    DrCash7DrCash74 күн мурун
  • Would be quite impossible to control Starship HLS by hand. Will be autonomous.

    EphraimEphraim4 күн мурун
  • NASA scientists shoulda just played Kerbal Space Program. I was landing on the Mun as a teenager.

    DhoulmegusDhoulmegus4 күн мурун
  • Well done video, learned a lot, (like there are still people that think we didn’t go to the moon, and the earth is flat. I’m sure there are still those that think Hitler didn’t murder millions of people in death camps...) My question is, why go back to the moon? What’s there that we can benefit people? It will cost billions of dollars, tax dollars, just to say we can it? It’s a moon with ... not much on it. The distances to leave our solar system to anyway else are just too far away. Sorry, this isn’t Star Trek, or some other fantasy TV show... .

    strshooterstrshooter5 күн мурун
  • Nah uh, they didn't "make sure velocity is zero when touching the surface". They had probes sticking out of lander which, when the probes touched the surface, automatically shut the engine down (while still some meters above the ground), so the lander gently dropped to the ground.

    maksphoto78maksphoto785 күн мурун
  • 1:58 among us 🤑🤑🤙👌👍

    Doritos XDDoritos XD5 күн мурун
  • Your questions and the way his eyes lit up. Surprised and also happy to see someone younger understanding his knowledge. Awesome

    Kevin PalmerKevin Palmer5 күн мурун
  • Mr. Ottinger is SO COOL. Man, you just know he has countless other amazing stories.

    Spo8Spo85 күн мурун
  • The wild patricia univariably influence because belief exemplarily sigh unlike a flashy comic. aromatic, lethal lyocell

    kkcsak ndclonkkcsak ndclon5 күн мурун
  • Please do a video on the X-14

    OmadaisOmadais5 күн мурун
  • Back to the moon? 😅

    The Bloody TruthThe Bloody Truth5 күн мурун
  • Comment for algorithm.

    Ciorram1Ciorram15 күн мурун
  • I confess, Mr. Ottinger make me laugh a few times. What a great man

    Leandro GogolaLeandro Gogola5 күн мурун
  • 1:45 when the impostor is sus

    Dadly25Dadly255 күн мурун
    • I knew there'd be at least one lol

      Ron BurghandyRon Burghandy2 күн мурун
  • Destin, I have a friend who has an LLTV sitting in his shed at work. I was fortunate enough to get a tour of his "work" and I can honestly say as much fun as it looks... yeah, no... His work is the same AFRC mentioned in your video. I was most impressed by the Peroxide thrusters mounted on every corner and axis of the unit. A tour of the Armstrong facility was the most incredible thing I have had the opportunity to experience. if you are ever there ask about the LLTV and perhaps they can take you to the closet for a look see. God Bless you man, I love your take on science.

    DavyBoySmithDavyBoySmith5 күн мурун
  • We aren’t going back to the moon, not with lunchbox Joe in power.

    Egon PaxEgon Pax5 күн мурун
    • obama and biden almost destroyed the Space industry! I live in Brevard county. TRUMP brought back space flights and the area is growing immensely!! Everyone is scared biden is going to do somthing stupid, again!

      Brian HuntingtonBrian HuntingtonКүн мурун
    • Very true

      Brian HuntingtonBrian HuntingtonКүн мурун
  • Everybody know Apollo is a big lie

    gordonfree mangordonfree man5 күн мурун
    • Wrong

      AtlasAtlas5 күн мурун
  • AMONG US!!! HE SAID IT

    Binky CarolinaBinky Carolina5 күн мурун
  • @ 5:45 ---> food for thought, the Harrier Jump Jet was first tested in 1967 and introduced into service in '69... 😉

    John BravoJohn Bravo5 күн мурун
  • Why not installing a helium baloon, that lifts 5/6 of the lander's weight?

    Florian WalterFlorian Walter5 күн мурун
  • at this point this man knows too much to be safe 🙏😂

    Super SongSuper Song5 күн мурун
  • Where is the loud roar of the rocket when you hear them calmly talking as lunar is landing?

    Ryan RichRyan Rich5 күн мурун
    • @Atlas nms was tight

      Ryan RichRyan Rich5 күн мурун
    • It's a pressure fed engine firing in a vacuum, come on.

      AtlasAtlas5 күн мурун
  • I would assume the lander's computer will perform the descent and landing in Artemis program.

    HirvieläinHirvieläin5 күн мурун
  • Why do we need manual landing when we sent multiple rovers to mars and it has ability to auto land with high precision

    Suphakrit PhantharatSuphakrit Phantharat6 күн мурун
  • 15:55 oh my ghaad

    Bogdan BogdanBogdan Bogdan6 күн мурун
  • 1:45 kinda sus....

    Bread SpreaderBread Spreader6 күн мурун
  • They actually planned on hitting the moon harder, the crunch pistons on the legs didn't get crunched all the way, that's why their steps are more awkward than usual, edit, because the ladder was hooked on the leg

    PatarPatar6 күн мурун
  • Hahaha cant wait til you debunk it by looking into it :)

    Rooster OriginalRooster Original6 күн мурун
    • @DrCash7 there really isn't

      AtlasAtlas4 күн мурун
    • @Atlas nOtHinG to DeBuNK heRe FolKS

      DrCash7DrCash74 күн мурун
    • There's nothing to debunk.

      AtlasAtlas5 күн мурун
  • How? miniatures and a sound stage...

    britshellbritshell6 күн мурун
  • That was fascinating! Very few people are qualified to call Neil Armstrong an idiot! lol

    mikencomikenco6 күн мурун
  • I think what you're saying, that we need to learn about *why* decisions were made, is really the root of the "teach a man to fish" adage, and it's such a huge issue with the way I see things being taught. Don't give people the answer, give people the tools to find the answer.

    The InternetThe Internet6 күн мурун
  • Folks at NASA are probably taking notes rn.

    Phineas GPhineas G6 күн мурун
  • Why does the velocity have to be zero upon landing? Why not near zero?

    Black PantherBlack Panther6 күн мурун
  • You're making it too easy for tomorrow's kids, they will look like geniuses but instead it was all on youtube.

    LavalambtronLavalambtron6 күн мурун
    • The power of technology.

      Some OnesSome Ones5 күн мурун
  • never went to the moon brah. hash tag moon landing hoax

    Laura WhiteLaura White6 күн мурун
    • @Laura White I have better things to do than watch conspiracy videos. That said, I never came across a good hoaxer argument.

      AtlasAtlas6 күн мурун
    • Atlas gee what a convincing retort Atlas. See “American Moon” on YT and then try to tell me it’s not possible that something’s up with the official narrative.

      Laura WhiteLaura White6 күн мурун
    • wrong

      AtlasAtlas6 күн мурун
  • You are truly a treasure! I so appreciate all of your videos, they are some of the most wholesome and informative media out there.

    David MadsenDavid Madsen6 күн мурун
  • 1:58

    Ian ThorntonIan Thornton6 күн мурун
  • 1:58 amongus

    AsophosAsophos6 күн мурун
    • 😳😳😳😳😳😳😳😳😳😳

      Some OnesSome Ones5 күн мурун
  • 1:44 I can't take this anymore make the pain stop

    WyrylkaWyrylka6 күн мурун
    • Kinda sus

      BearsBears5 күн мурун
  • 1:45

    Aidan GavinAidan Gavin6 күн мурун
  • Thanks for the tutorial, just got invited to a Martian party. Heading out tomorrow night.

    Konnies EggKonnies Egg6 күн мурун
  • Another great video. It would be interesting to know more about the rocket motor that was on the lander and got it back to the orbiter. I had read something where the NASA engineers made it as simple as possible; without any electrical connections to reduce points of failure. It was basically just a mixing of two (2) chemicals by means of the turning of two (2) mechanical valves. Thanks in advance.

    goutvols103goutvols1037 күн мурун
  • I flew a test device in Grumman hangar 5 over a mosaic set of lunar photos. All I had was a mockup of the LM cockpit. I made 3 test landing attempts for evaluation data. 50 years later I toured the hangar at the Cape Canaveral facility and in an alcove next to the Saturn V rocket was the same unit I tested at the Grumman facility. I worked at Grumman for 30+ years on the A-6 Intruder , the F-14 Tomcat,and The JSTARS . Fun years!

    Carl CarterCarl Carter7 күн мурун
  • There's only three ways to go to the Moon, or one. Step one, resurrect Stanley Kubrick. Step two, rent al large studio in the desert. Step three, buy all media and political influencers to give it credibility. Or Get a bunch of wicked smaht guys to get'em there.

    The Obsolete ManThe Obsolete Man7 күн мурун
  • U said among us a lot

    Traci WagnonTraci Wagnon7 күн мурун
  • Excellent. Great job. I know a lot more about lunar landing than I did before watching this. Sign me up!

    lungoteverelungotevere7 күн мурун
  • 1:59 among us

    Tampa BlushTampa Blush7 күн мурун
  • 1:45 amongus

    Tampa BlushTampa Blush7 күн мурун
  • 1:45

    Jeremy HopkinsJeremy Hopkins7 күн мурун
  • Boots on the moon.

    Bradyn AustinBradyn Austin7 күн мурун
  • 1:45 , 1:59

    JPazerJPazer7 күн мурун
  • 1:45

    JPazerJPazer7 күн мурун