The Battle of Midway 1942: Told from the Japanese Perspective (1/3)

(Animated Battle Map)
This is part one of a three part video series covering Operation MI. As you can see I spent a considerable amount of time covering Nagumo’s Dilemma. To me it's one of most striking examples of how tough it can be for a commander to make a decision based on the information at hand. I found that to be the most interesting aspect of the battle.
I don’t have a Patreon but if you want to show appreciation for my work feel free to donate.
» patreon
"Strength" , "Auxiliary", and "unknown" are misspelled in the video.
At 22:55 I should have stated “North of Midway” instead of Northeast of Midway. The illustration shows a 10 degree 240 nm from midway location. Not so Northeast as I audibly stated.
At 23:43 I should have stated 79 aircraft instead of 78 and I should have displayed 35 instead of 34 torpedo bombers. the “mistake” came about because sources still differ on whether there were 27 or 26 Carrier attack planes (Kates). If it was 27 it would have been 79 Planes. if it was 26 it would have been 78. During the recording I somehow mixed up the numbers.
Additional Notes:
notice that the carriers started off the battle in a box formation. This provided further mutual support for their rather weak AA fire. however, due to the incessant air attacks from VT-8, VT-6 and VT-3, the carriers were never able to reform in a box formation, instead they were in a ragged line which further worsened their AA capabilities.
-----------------------------------------Spoiler Below regarding Nagumo's Dilemma---------------------------------------------
So what was the answer to Nagumo’s Dilemma?
“Taking all together, and admittedly operating with the benefit of hindsight, the “right” answer to Nagumo’s conundrum probably should have emphasized maneuver, offensive speed in preference to mass, and passive damage control. With fifteen minutes in which to act, he didn’t really have time to implement anything terribly fancy. But he could have helped himself immensely by immediately spotting every strike airplane in his hangars, whether they were armed or not, and launching them at the Americans. The sixty-four armed aircraft he had in had were perfectly capable of doing enormous damage to his enemy. And by emptying his hangars, he removed the single greatest danger to his carriers --- the presence of fueled and armed aircraft within them.”
Parshall, Jonathan B.; Tully, Anthony P.: Shattered Sword. The Untold Story of the Battle of Midway. Potomac Books: United States, 2007 : p. 170
Music :
Ride of the Valkyries - Wagner
Isom, D. W. (2007). Midway inquest: Why the Japanese lost the Battle of Midway. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.
Lundstrom, J. B. (2013). The First Team Pacific Naval Air Combat from Pearl Harbor to Midway. New York: Naval Institute Press.
Parshall, Jonathan B.; Tully, Anthony P.: Shattered Sword. The Untold Story of the Battle of Midway. Potomac Books: United States, 2007.
Stille, M. (2010). Midway 1942: Turning-point in the Pacific(Vol. 226, Campaign). Oxford: Osprey Publishing.
Toll, I. W. (2012). Pacific crucible: War at sea in the Pacific, 1941-1942. New York: W.W. Norton.
Willmott, H. P. (2008). The barrier and the javelin: Japanese and Allied Pacific strategies, February to June 1942. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press.
And of course:

жүктөп алуу



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    Bob ButlerBob Butler4 саат мурун
  • Tone 4 was bullshitin' all the way lmao. He's probably mad they got him flying a sea plane instead of a fighter

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    percy terrypercy terry7 саат мурун
  • 27:29 can't comment because I know too much about this battle. But the choice doesn't matter because Midway was a huge trap as the americans codebreakers know the plans and all counter-plans and the japanese wouldn't survive either way.

    Crystal MirCrystal Mir15 саат мурун
    • Claiming you know too much is honestly such a stupid notion. Also, Rochefort's codebreakers only knew the dates and direction of attack of Nagumo's task force not their exact real time location. And counter-plans? Are you trying to sound intelligent by making shit up now?

      CC4 саат мурун
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  • Excellent Job. I was just checking it out, and I was sucked in!

    B. Kent WallaceB. Kent WallaceКүн мурун
  • Wow, I was like watching a movie and made me love history

    Alexa Louise B. AgujoAlexa Louise B. AgujoКүн мурун
  • WOW! As a layman who has studied this battle for a lifetime as I read Walter Lord’s Incredible Victory and I have always faulted Nagumo! WELL DONE!! It was an INCREDIBLE VICTORY and a God Thing that we won! Great VIDEO!!

    Kent HigginbothamKent HigginbothamКүн мурун
  • Kido Butai na na na na naaaaa na na nanana

    pyrotechnickpyrotechnickКүн мурун
  • Really excellent. I have never understood this operation.

    Margot MetrolandMargot MetrolandКүн мурун
  • Hey Montemayor, What are the names of the musical tracks in this vid barring the obvious Ride of the Valkyries? What is your next project now this series is concluded?

    Shmuel JohnsonShmuel JohnsonКүн мурун
  • Very professional and accurate. Kudos to you!

    Wild WestWild WestКүн мурун
  • i would have collected aswell

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    kristina Francokristina FrancoКүн мурун
  • Id rather re watch this than Midway 2019

    SAM7KSAM7KКүн мурун
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    Ivan EspinozaIvan EspinozaКүн мурун
  • Japanese history book doesn’t talk about WW2 at all.

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  • peeeepo

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  • The ultimate battle would be won with high quality manufactured goods that we now get to buy! Thank you Japan!

    • being one of our greatest friends and ally now is also of great benefit

      charles desurnecharles desurne17 саат мурун
  • Dude... this was freaking amazing.

    Chad JChad J2 күн мурун
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    StephenStephen2 күн мурун
  • Anyone else running scenes from the movie Midway? Classic.

    Mike CarneyMike Carney2 күн мурун
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    really reassoreally reasso2 күн мурун
  • Great video, two thumbs up but i can't stop thinking about the life of young men who died in this operation and for that matter any war out there.

    Doctor Strange LoveDoctor Strange Love2 күн мурун
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  • "he only had 64 planes ready to attack" minecraft gamers and minecraft memers: you mean a stack?

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    Anthony PhungAnthony Phung3 күн мурун
  • You describe this as being "told from the Japanese perspective," but then you repeatedly present information which is only known to an omniscient observer, that is, information which was obtained from the historical record. Click bait. Click bait. Click bait. Bait switch. Bait switch. Bait switch. I'm gone. I'm gone. I'm gone.

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  • So imagine you're one of six out of an original sixteen pilots to make it back to the carrier. Refuel, rearm and off you go again. Jeezuz.

    Dyn y JawaDyn y Jawa3 күн мурун
  • These woke ass kids today have no ducking idea what comes next. I yearn for it

    Katie HigginsKatie Higgins3 күн мурун
  • Well done.

    feldweiblefeldweible3 күн мурун
  • Couldn't they at least launched a couple of search planes during the 15 minutes to conform?

    Smack AttackSmack Attack3 күн мурун
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    Stian KlingenbergStian Klingenberg3 күн мурун
  • this was absolutely brilliant.

    Dave MorganDave Morgan4 күн мурун
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  • 12:45 I felt so bad for the poor dude, didn’t get anything for his heroic attempt. Cheers to you

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    Luis EnriquezLuis Enriquez4 күн мурун
  • Icredible great job. Thank you !

    Ioan SabăuIoan Sabău4 күн мурун
  • good animation #bnb #btc #btt #pancakeswap

    Tom CopmanTom Copman4 күн мурун
  • What does 'spot aircraft' mean in this context (24:30)? Does it mean to send out reconnaissance planes?

    Jones FJones F4 күн мурун
    • Spotting means to bring aircraft up from the hanger, get them into launching positions and warm up the engines.

      Noshur ViverseNoshur Viverse4 күн мурун
  • This is still one of the best tellings of the Battle of Midway I have ever seen!

    Justin ArchibaldJustin Archibald4 күн мурун
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    Connor BirchConnor Birch4 күн мурун

    Aydın AkınAydın Akın4 күн мурун
  • From the Japanese point of view they were trying to deal a major blow to dishearten the U.S. However, the U.S. was never going to get disheartened as they were working on the atom bomb at full speed.

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    卫随德卫随德4 күн мурун
  • Spectacular. I have read multiple books about Midway and while this animation did not show anything I didn't know, it is presented so beautifully. Anybody who wants to know Midway could start with this video THEN go to the books.

    Daniel LynchDaniel Lynch5 күн мурун
  • Outstandingly well researched, well presented piece of work. If the history channels had anyone half as well informed - and as capable in conveying information, they would be transformed. I congratulate you.

    Paul HicksPaul Hicks5 күн мурун
  • LOL BIGgEST OPPONENT>?! educate yourself merican.. qauntun army was destroyed BY USSR.... USA just did NUCLEAR BOBMBING OF NON MILITARY OBJECTS....Hiroshima and Nagasaki... yes make that video that you will be looking at least sort of warriors...ITS BIGGEST shame moment for your country..and whole humanity history..... hypocrites, thugs, amoral . take care exceptionals lol....

    Alexander NovikovAlexander Novikov5 күн мурун
  • Midway was the most important, but it was not the biggest naval fight of WWII.

    David MooreDavid Moore5 күн мурун
  • Americans be like " let's show them the sun lmao "

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    • Unfunny

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    • twice

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    Robert DuatinRobert Duatin5 күн мурун
  • They tried to reveal the intention for posterity. Sadly, it was a ninja attack. Highly dishonored themselves. That said. I think the JDF should be activated as the JAF the anti-terror branch of American military. Let the ninja out and the samurai serve the will of his honored oath. They'd eat the shit up, fundamentalists be damned! Activate Japanese warrior ethos. The cultures we build together will mesh seamlessly.

    Jay DeeJay Dee5 күн мурун
  • We are waiting for china 🇨🇳 to try something similar in the 21st century, the aim will be the same, to defeat the US for good.

    LavalambtronLavalambtron6 күн мурун
  • This kind of format for a video, making us the commanding officer, and giving reasoning for the decisions is amazing

    Cheezburger15Cheezburger156 күн мурун
  • Well... This is something for the Navy War college for Flag Staff Officers to study... like I’m sure they do anyway ... Very nice indeed sir 👍🥳✌️

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  • Nagumo: Were gonna invade midway! USA: So you have chosen death

    Riley The OperatorRiley The Operator6 күн мурун
    • Actually, Nagumo was more in favor of a transition to a defensive strategy. However, despite being the officer commanding the Kido Butai he had rather little political power, so his opposition meant little.

      Noshur ViverseNoshur Viverse5 күн мурун
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  • This is a brilliant exposition of the fog of war.

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  • lucky ?

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    Rhats KicksRhats Kicks7 күн мурун
  • The Japanese attack on Pearl was pure luck that they weren’t disastrously wiped out. Incredible Japanese luck that US fleet and air were on stand down for that 1 day out of 4 straight weeks of defensive high alert and drills. Not true that the Japanese fielded the best pilots. The Zhuikaku’s and Shokaku’s air wings were recently formed and lacked all but rudimentary training. They were new (about 3-400 hours) untested, and not trained in combat maneuvers, bombing, or hard core dogfighting - they were only entrusted with strafing the airfields. US Pilots on the other hand typically had 700 flight hours and extensive training in combat On the other hand, Midway was pure American luck. The odds of the Tone’s rece plane being late with mech problems and it being on a flight path to discover the US forces was really tiny odds. Further, the odds of a garbled spotting report by that plane when it finally flew over the US fleet added to US luck in a priceless way.

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    Axel MendozaAxel Mendoza7 күн мурун
  • So detailed, I couldn't stop watching!

    Patrick R.Patrick R.7 күн мурун
  • is it bad i've watched this like 15 times in the past 2 weeks. Which doesn't include all the times before that.

    JayTBJayTB8 күн мурун
  • Did the first wave get to land, or ditch?

    sam mooresam moore8 күн мурун
  • Right after the battle, Nagumo had no idea that the piecemeal arrival of the American squadrons was happenstance. He thought that three helpless torpedo squadrons had intentionally thrown themselves against him as a pure diversion, sacrificing themselves "like Samurai" he said, so that their brothers could hit him from above. If these supposedly decadent Americans were really capable of doing something like THAT, there was no hope.

    Penultimate HPenultimate H8 күн мурун
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  • attacc

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  • Superb..

    Chaitanya CherukuriChaitanya Cherukuri8 күн мурун
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    Sanna OngSanna Ong8 күн мурун
  • Informative and the timeline detail of Nagumo's Dilemma was helpful. You should also consider other decisive historical engagements land or sea.

    Doug BattDoug Batt8 күн мурун
  • Admiral Yamamoto : "USA is a sleeping giant. Once you awaked him , you got six month to kill him. After 6 months , it s too late."

    Aldo FitlaAldo Fitla8 күн мурун
    • @Aldo Fitla Read the link i posted, it's fictional quote from movie.

      CATCAT8 күн мурун
    • @CAT Yamamoto studied in USA. And his assessment of US firepower was accurate.

      Aldo FitlaAldo Fitla8 күн мурун
    • This is probably just movie quote.

      CATCAT8 күн мурун